J and L Research and Exploration is a blog for travelers and curiosity seekers desiring to see and know about the world. From our own backyard to destinations far and wide, J and L seek to research, explore, and share the discoveries we make. Whether it's about people or places, near or remote, we hope you find something of interest to you here.
Many years ago while strolling through a local swap meet
with two of our four daughters, Katie and Kelly, I happened to stop in front of
a blanket full of books. Being an avid reader, as all explorers tend to be, the
compulsion to stop and pore over the materials was too hard to resist. I spoke
to the kindly older gentlemen who was selling the books a bit about this and
that while lifting one book and then another turning a page here or there.
After a moment my eyes landed on Dodsworth
by Sinclair Lewis and of course being a fan of this particular writer I
nonchalantly hefted the work up into my hands and carefully opened the front
cover. To my surprise, and later my delight, I saw a very strange and telling inscription from the author.
my dear commissioner,
I do so hope that you will make a reasonable America
Sam Dodsworth per secy Sinclair Lewis
I felt my hands start to tremble a bit when I realized that
I was not only holding a rare autographed book by Sinclair Lewis but one with a
special message to someone who seemed to be important enough for the writer to
take the extra steps in penning the note personally.
Did I happen to mention it was a 1929 First Edition?
I closed the text and as calmly as I could asked the fellow
selling the book how much he wanted for it. He took a glance at the old blue
green cover and responded. “How about fifty cents?” I tossed the man two quarters
and stumbled away with my treasure cushioned beneath my right arm.
As life goes on so does time and the book rested in my
bookcase for over a dozen years before I started looking into the history of
the book late in 2012. It took time but the research was well worth the effort.
It seems the book belonged to Frances Perkins who received
the autographed copy from Sinclair Lewis. They were great friends according to
the historical records and after contacting the FrancesPerkinsCenter
in Newcastle, Maine (within the Brick House Historic
District) it turned out the research was dead on.
What makes this book so exciting, besides it was an
autographed First Edition by Sinclair Lewis, is the fact it was given to one of
the most influential yet under-rated political figures of the early 20th century. At
the time of the presentation of the novel in 1929, Ms. Perkins was the New York
State Commissioner of Labor, having been appointed to that position by her friend and
benefactor Franklin D. Roosevelt who was Governor of New York at the time. In 1933, Perkins was appointed by now President Franklin D. Roosevelt to the
position of Secretary of Labor for the United States. Frances Perkins was one of the first women in the history of the United States who started breaking the proverbial ‘glass ceiling’ to become the first woman to serve in
a presidential cabinet. She later played a key role in assisting in writing up
the New Deal legislation and in fact was involved in all aspects of a brand
new venture for the United States, the Social Security Act of 1935.
This woman did it all and never once, per all available
reports, shirked from her belief system, her loyalty to President Roosevelt
or to the country she served. After President Roosevelt’s death on April 12,
1945 she stayed on with government service being assigned to the United States
Civil Service Commission by then new President Harry Truman. She stayed on at
that post until the death of her husband in 1952, when she retired from public
Frances Perkins is an American icon and to own a book that
she had held, read, and had been given to her by the famous writer Sinclair
Lewis made the novel all that much more valuable.
It was a treasure and like all treasures we decided to get
an approximate value for it and after making the usual inquires through rare
book sellers and the like came up with an estimated value of approximately
Not a bad investment for fifty cents.
But like many treasures it is not about the currency value
but the historical value and with that in mind J & L will be donating the
book to the Frances Perkins Center in Maine within the next month. The curator
and members of the Center are very pleased and honored to have this piece of
history on display. It is a piece of Americana which belonged to a very special
American, a woman who was destined for greatness and showed it through her
We felt very honored to have owned it for these many years
and though missed will know it will be enjoyed by countless generations who owe
so much to Frances Perkins.
There is a hidden gem for adventurers approximately 280 miles north-east of Los Angeles along Highway 395 in the White Mountains where the oldest living trees on earth exist in abundance. Within the Inyo National Forest is a tree, among a great many others, named 'Methuselah' thought to be 4,700 years old located in the Schulman Grove.
The grove, named after Edmund Schulman who was the assistant to Astronomer A.E. Douglass, the 'father' of (study of tree rings), is located at over 10,000 feet elevation in the arid mountains towering above the Owens Valley. Both Schulman and Douglass spent the better part of the first half of the 20th Century studying this phenomenon and thus linking the past by counting the rings of trees. Between both of these scientists, they concluded that by utilizing tree ring research they could also date other objects around the globe. An example of this would be the Oxford Tree-Ring Laboratory in Great Britain which used dendrochronolgy to factually date specific beams in the Tower of London and the Salisbury Cathedral. The research indicated beams used to frame these structures could actually be dated from different years showing a difference of 2 to 10 years in some places when the wood had been cut and utilized for the construction.
A simple process is used, not to denigrate the work these dendrochronologists do, by coring out a thin section of a tree trunk or beam and then counting the rings. Of course, I have made this sound too simplistic in our reporting and the actual process is much more scientifically rigorous. But, as always, we wanted to give our readers a general feel of what goes on behind the scene in this world of tree ring counting. For more information the reader can look up both the Oxford Tree-Ring Laboratory or the Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research at the the University of Arizona where both Schulman and Douglass were the founding force in establishing this research facility.
Our J & L partner and contributing photographer, Paul Bakas, joined in this expedition to the White Mountains where we camped among the scraggly Pinon-Juniper Forest at the Grandview Campground located a dozen or so miles east of the quaint and beautiful town of Big Pine located on Hwy 395. A quick mention of the Westgard Pass should be made as the pass is itself quite an adventure as one drives up the narrow winding SR 168 out of Big Pine into the White Mountains. Westgard Pass shrinks down at one point to a single lane path for approximately a mile between staggering tall cliffs on both sides of the road before emerging back to a two lane roadway. At that one point the road is so narrow and crooked that we would suggest extremely low speeds and a 'spotter' walking ahead to ensure there is no oncoming traffic which can not be seen easily while driving.
It is well worth the few moments of 'white knuckling' as you traverse into the heights of the White Mountains. Isn't adventure supposed to have some of those moments?
Not for the faint of heart, is the seventeen mile road trip through the mountains to reach the Patriarch Grove at over 11,000 feet which resembles a moonscape with a sparse population of Pines. This road is not four wheel required but after driving on the dirt stretches which take over an hour we were glad to be traveling in the FJ. The last few miles are very narrow, rutty, and again visibility is at a minimum due to the twisting tree lined lane which ends up at a parking lot which is walking distance to some of the most ancient living things on this globe. To visit this site takes the adventurer through some of the most beautiful country in California or perhaps any place in the world. Visions of European backdrops comes to the mind of the traveler. At one point we envisioned the Trapp Family skipping down the Alps.
As we drove down, up, around, and through these seventeen miles of valley and mountains one could not stop but question how so much beauty can be with so few visitors enjoying it. We did not complain but simply drove and took in the wonderment before us.
We spent the next few days in the White Mountains camping and hiking. We chose Grandview Campground which was rather primitive with only 26 single sites for tenting or really small RV's, pit toilets, no water, and you must carry out your own trash. A five dollar fee for up-keep is charged on a honor system at the entrance to the campground. One must remember that weather changes rapidly at 8600 feet so it is suggested that a trip here would be most advisable during the summer months since the roads often close starting in October when the snow arrives. In other words, bring plenty of warm clothes since the nights can drop into the twenties or thirties during the night even in August.
Grandview is well known with amateur astronomers since the nights are so dark as they are almost spooky. There is no light pollution which gives those with telescopes nothing but sky to gaze up at in the evening hours. The visit we had coincided with about a dozen or more astronomy enthusiasts who invited us over to take a gander at the universe using a multitude of various sized and powered scopes. It was the first time I had ever seen the rings of Saturn up close and personal. Be sure to have a flashlight with a red lens since this doesn't interfere with night vision. Otherwise you may find yourself suddenly being chased off the mountain by telescope swinging thugs when you've inadvertently ruined their night sky while stumbling through the darkness of the campground over uneven dirt paths using a flashlight with a beam of white light which could be seen from Alpha Centauri.
The Bristle Cone Pine and Foxtail Pine are cousins which can only found in the western United States and are the oldest living trees in the world with the Great Basin Bristle Cone Pine (Pinus longaeva) being the oldest of the three species. These ancients, the Great Basin Bristle Cones, have a range that includes parts of California, Nevada, and Utah high in dry mountain ranges. These trees are amazing as they need very little water, survive bitterly cold winters, and can stand up to continual high winds with some gusts at the highest elevations exceeding one hundred miles per hour. Their make-up is unique versus other pines or trees usually found in mountainous areas. Instead of the root system going straight down, they are meandering a bit to locate water and nourishment. The Great Basin Bristle Cones have a root system that is near the surface of the ground but extends for 50 feet in all directions thus being able to pick up any moisture and nutrients while at the same time holding the tree fast to the ground. With this sort of trunk and root system, the Great Basin Bristle Cone Pines can survive in extremely dry and windy conditions. The trees in the White Mountains have lived for thousands of years in a limestone soil at over 10,000 feet in elevation.
These trees are the epitome of survivors!
As we hiked through the Shulman Grove, we were awed at the sight of so many of these marvelously twisted trees and honored to be among living things that were so old. These trees in California which we were studying, were around when Stonehenge was built, were ancient at the time of the great Pyramids in Giza, and were old at the time of Jesus Christ's birth. It was truly a humbling experience.
Of course, due to human nature the visitor to this grove of the ancients will never be able to pick out the oldest of the trees, Methuselah, because it is a well-guarded secret with the Rangers who work there. When asked they will only smile and tell you that they are not allowed to give out the location of the oldest living tree in the world in fear people will take souvenirs or otherwise 'kill' the tree. We were saddened but not surprised by this news.
Overall, if one gets a chance to visit these natural wonders that opportunity should be taken. Though, it's not as if these treasures will disappear anytime soon and perhaps that is a comforting thought. Generations of humans from now, countless generations it seems, can come and go with little impact on the longevity of these trees. They will, by their very own stubbornness to survive will be on this planet for thousands of years to come. That is very comforting indeed.